Category: Archaeology

Morning photo: Marillenblüte

Spring in the Wachau world heritage region

Nothing says spring like blooming fruit trees, and one of the most beautiful places to view this annual spring spectacle is in the Wachau region of Austria, along the Danube River between Krems and Melk. Perhaps best known for producing stellar crops of apricots — not to mention wine grapes, the Wachau is designated as a world heritage region for the values of its cultural landscape, including agriculture, ancient castles and villages and terraced vineyards that have been cultivated for centuries.

The area’s natural forests were cleared during the Stone Age, from which date famed relics like the Venus of Willendorf, a fertility figure shaped some 25,000 years ago. Around 800 AD, bishops from Salzburg and Bavaria started cultivating the hillsides for wine grapes, creating the present-day landscape pattern of vine terraces. Learn more about the region at UNESCO’s world heritage website.

Study of satellite data shows it’s not just ISIS looting Syrian cultural sites

The historic Roman site of Apamea has been looted extensively since the start of the Syrian civil war. Public domain photo via Wikipedia.
The historic Roman site of Apamea has been looted extensively since the start of the Syrian civil war. Public domain photo via Wikipedia.

All factions in civil war involved in destroying world heritage treasures

Staff Report

It’s not just ISIS that’s looting and desecrating important historic cultural sites in Syria — all the factions involved in the devastating conflict have been involved in the destruction of archaeological treasures, according to Dartmouth scholars who used satellite images and other data to catalog the destruction.

As could be expected, the looting is most widespread in areas where centralized authority is the weakest. In regions held by the Kurdish YPG and other opposition forces, more than 26 percent of sites have been looted since the war began. In contrast, 21.4 percent of sites have been looted in ISIS-controlled areas, and only 16.5 percent in Syrian regime areas. Continue reading “Study of satellite data shows it’s not just ISIS looting Syrian cultural sites”

Grassroots support leads to proposal for new marine sanctuaries

Shipwreck areas in Wisconsin and Maryland eyed for protection

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NOAA is seeking comments on its proposal to designate two areas in Wisconsin (left) and Maryland (right) as national marine sanctuaries. (Credit: NOAA).

Staff Report

Two historic shipwreck sites could be designated as National Marine Sanctuaries under a proposal outlined by President Barack Obama at an international ocean conference today.

In a press release, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration said it’s the first time since 2000 that the agency has identified new sites for that designation. NOAA is taking public comment on the proposal. Continue reading “Grassroots support leads to proposal for new marine sanctuaries”

Study finds evidence of prehistoric salmon fishing in Alaska

Spring-run Chinook salmon, photographed in Butte Creek, upstream from Centerville, Calif., may become extinct in the future due to warming waters. (Allen Harthorn, Friends of Butte Creek/photo) .
Salmon may have been a key food source for early North Americans. Photo courtesy USGS.

‘We now know that salmon have been consumed by North American humans at least 11,500 years ago …’

Staff Report

Digging deep into the remains of an ancient kitchen, archaeologists say that early residents of North America likely fished for salmon starting at the end of the last ice age, just as they started colonizing the continent.

The study, published this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, is the earliest known evidence that Ice Age humans in North America used salmon as a food source and shows that those settlers were not just big game hunters. Continue reading “Study finds evidence of prehistoric salmon fishing in Alaska”

Study sheds light on earliest migrations of Native Americans

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New study confirms Bering Land Bridge migration theory.

Northern and southern Native American populations diverged between 11,500 and 14,500 years ago …

Staff Report

FRISCO — Scientists say they’re a lot closer to pinpointing how and when the first Native Americans came to the Americas, and how they spread across two continents.

The findings came from a detailed analysis of genetic material from 31 living Native Americans, Siberians and people from around the Pacific Ocean, and the genomes of 23 ancient individuals from North and South America, spanning a time between 200 and 6,000 years ago. Continue reading “Study sheds light on earliest migrations of Native Americans”

Conservation groups seek ban on new fracking around Chaco Canyon

More fracking threatens public health, historic treasures

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Historic ruins at Chaco Canyon, Colorado.

Staff Report

FRISCO — Oil and gas drilling in the vicinity of the treasured Chaco Culture National Historical Park poses an imminent risk to irreplaceable resources, conservation groups said as the moved to block the federal government from approving any more permits.

Continued drilling threatens public health, clean air and water, and Navajo communities in the region, the groups said as they called on a federal judge to issue an injunction on oil and gas development in the Greater Chaco region. Continue reading “Conservation groups seek ban on new fracking around Chaco Canyon”

Genetics suggest early link between Polynesia and South America

The Rapanui are famous for building giant stone platforms and statues. Credit: Photograph by Natalia Solar Usage Restrictions: Credit Required
The Rapanui are famous for building giant stone platforms and statues. Photograph by Natalia Solar.

Findings may require re-evaluation of how the Americas were colonized by humans

Staff Report

FRISCO — Thor Heyerdahl’s 1947 Kon-Tiki voyage showed that people could have sailed from South America to the South Pacific islands even without modern instrumentation, and now, a new genetic study shows that it might have been a two way street.

Genomic evidence suggests that people may have been traveling from Easter Island to the Americas long before European explorers arrived at the remote oceanic outpost, and that they had significant contact with Native American populations, as early as 1300 AD.

Along with establishing genetic links, the study suggests that historians and anthropologists might need to take a fresh look at some of their most basic ideas about how humans spread around the globe. Continue reading “Genetics suggest early link between Polynesia and South America”