Global temps once again shatter monthly records
Most of the Earth’s surface was much warmer than average during August, which ended up as the warmest on record, according to the latest monthly State of the Climate Report from NOAA.
The average land and sea surface temperature for the month was 1.58 degrees Fahrenheit above the 20th century average, beating the monthly record — set just last year — by 0.16 degrees Fahrenheit.
More statistics from the National Climatic Data Center’s report reinforces the recent El Niño-fueled surge in global temperatures. August was the sixth record-breaking month in 2015, and five of the ten largest monthly temperature departures from average all happened this year.There was record warmth across parts of South America, Europe, Asia, and Africa. Heat was also widespread across much of the western contiguous U.S. and Mexico and parts of eastern Asia.
Near- to much-cooler-than-average conditions were present across Alaska, western Canada, the central contiguous U.S., and western and southeastern Asia.
Argentina had its warmest austral winter (June–August) since national records began in 1961 at 2.79 degrees Fahrenheit above the 1961–1990 average, according to Argentina’s Met Service (Servicio Meteorológico Nacional de Argentina).
Several European countries reported summer temps that ranked in the top three, including Austria (2nd warmest), France (2nd warmest), Germany (3rd warmest), and Switzerland (2nd warmest). Meanwhile, Finland had its coolest summer since 2008.
The global average sea surface temperature also broke all records for the month, with much of the eastern and equatorial Pacific Ocean, Indian Ocean, and parts of the Atlantic experiencing record warmth.
Compiled from the NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information, State of the Climate: Global Analysis for August 2015: http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/global/201508.