Posted on November 10, 2015 by Bob Berwyn
A NASA satellite image shows the spread of oil in the Gulf of Mexico after the 2010 Deepwater Horizon disaster.
Lab tests show nuanced response to application of oil dispersant chemicals
Lab tests suggest that more thought must be given to how dispersant chemicals are used during and after an oil spill. In some cases, the combination of dispersants and oil may actually inhibit microorganisms that can break down hydrocarbons, according to marine scientists. Continue reading
Filed under: BP Gulf oil spill, energy, Environment, oil drilling | Tagged: Deepwater Horizon, dispersants, Environment, Gulf of Mexico, Oil spill | 1 Comment »
Posted on November 6, 2015 by Bob Berwyn
Impacts of oil pollution expected to affect Barataria Bay populations for a long time
A dolphin pushes a dead calf in March, 2013. This behavior is sometimes observed in female dolphins when their newborn calf does not survive. Photo courtesy Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries.
There’s already a wealth of research showing that the Deepwater Horizon oil disaster in the Gulf of Mexico was very bad for coastal dolphins. One study, for example, showed dolphins in Barataria Bay exposed to BP’s oil suffered lung disease and hormone deficiencies.
In a report released this week, a team of researchers led by National Ocean and Atmospheric Administration scientists is reporting a high rate of reproductive failure in dolphins exposed to the 2010 spill. The biologists monitored bottlenose dolphins in heavily-oiled Barataria Bay for five years following the spill. Continue reading
Filed under: biodiversity, BP Gulf oil spill, Environment, Marine biology, ocean conservation | Tagged: Barataria Bay, Deepwater Horizon, dolphins, marine mammals, NOAA, Oil spill | Leave a comment »
Posted on June 12, 2014 by Bob Berwyn
Evidence is mounting that BP’s oil harmed millions of large fish
Crude oil spreads across a wide swath of the Gulf of Mexico during the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil disaster.
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By Summit Voice
FRISCO — Along with fouling beaches and wetlands along the Gulf Coast, the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill also had profound impacts on the open ocean and deep sea environment. The four million barrels of crude oil that spewed into the Gulf of Mexico from BP’s failed oil drilling operation potentially exposed millions of fish and other ocean organisms to highly toxic compounds.
That includes many commercially and ecologically important open-ocean fish species such as bluefin and yellowfin tunas, mahi mahi, king and Spanish mackerels. In one of the most recent followup studies on the impacts of the spill, researchers with the University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science found that exposure to the crude oil resulted in decreased swimming performance in young mahi mahi. Continue reading
Filed under: BP Gulf oil spill, Environment, oil drilling | Tagged: Deepwater Horizon, Environment, Mahi-mahi, Oil spill | Leave a comment »
Posted on April 28, 2014 by Bob Berwyn
A runaway oil drill rig hinted at the extreme challenges facing oil companies in the Arctic. Photo courtesy U.S. Coast Guard.
More resources needed to FRISCO — A new report from the National Research Council suggests that there aren’t nearly enough resources in place to respond to an oil spill in the Arctic. The absence of adequate infrastructure is a significant liability in the event of a large oil spill, the study found, suggesting that an expanded U.S. Coast Guard presence and pre-positioning of key equipment would bolster an effective response.
The study comes as global warming makes the Arctic more accessible to commercial activities like shipping, oil and gas development, and tourism, raising concerns about the increase potential for oil spills. The Arctic poses several challenges to oil spill response, including extreme weather and environmental settings, limited operations and communications infrastructure, a vast geographic area, and vulnerable species, ecosystems, and cultures. Continue reading
Filed under: Arctic, climate and weather | Tagged: Arctic, Arctic drilling, Oil spill | Leave a comment »
Posted on March 2, 2014 by Bob Berwyn
Monitoring shows populations have returned to pre-spill numbers
Sea otter in kelp. Photo by Benjamin Weitzman, U.S. Geological Survey.
By Summit Voice
FRISCO — It took almost quarter of a century, but federal scientists say that sea otters have recovered to pre-spill population numbers in the most heavily oiled areas of Prince William Sound, where the Exxon Valdez ran aground in 1989, spilling tens of millions of gallons of oil.
“Although recovery timelines varied widely among species, our work shows that recovery of species vulnerable to long-term effects of oil spills can take decades,” said lead author of the study, Brenda Ballachey, research biologist with the U.S. Geological Survey. “For sea otters, we began to see signs of recovery in the years leading up to 2009, two decades after the spill, and the most recent results from 2011 to 2013 are consistent with recovery as defined by the Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Trustee Council.”
Several thousand otters died in the immediate aftermath of the spill, and recovery was slow. Scientists monitoring the area say chronic exposure to oil remnants likely hampered recovery. Other studies documented persistence of oil in the sea otter’s intertidal feeding habitats. Continue reading
Filed under: biodiversity, Environment | Tagged: biodiversity, Environment, Exxon Valdez, Oil spill, Prince William Sound, sea otters | Leave a comment »
Posted on July 6, 2013 by Bob Berwyn
Detailed study shows that fish exposed to oil-dispersant mix are less able to respond to subsequent environmental challenges
Followup studies after the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill call into question the extensive use of chemical dispersants. Photo courtesy NOAA.
By Summit Voice
FRISCO — A new European study once again shows that using dispersants to treat oil spills can be bad news for many marine organisms, even as it prevents massive slicks from reaching the shoreline.
The results of the study will be presented formally at the July 6 meeting of the Society for Experimental Biology meeting in Valencia. The increased contamination under the water reduces the ability for fish and other organisms to cope with subsequent environmental challenges, the research team found.
Led by professor Guy Claireaux, of the University of Brest, the biologists for the first time looked at the effects of chemically dispersed oil on the performance of European seabass to subsequent environmental challenges. Continue reading
Filed under: Environment, Marine biology, ocean conservation, oil drilling | Tagged: Deepwater horizon oil spill, dispersants, oceans, Oil spill, Society for Experimental Biology | 1 Comment »
Posted on April 9, 2013 by Bob Berwyn
Research suggests role of bacteria has been underestimated
Some of oil from the Deepwater Horizon oil disaster coated and killed deep-sea corals in the Gulf of Mexico, but a large quantity may have been consumed by oil-eating bacteria. Photo courtesy Lophelia II 2010, NOAA OER and BOEMR.
By Summit Voice
FRISCO — Nearly three years after the Deepwater Horizon drill rig exploded and the busted Macondo Well spewed millions of gallons of crude into the Gulf of Mexico, scientists are still trying to figure out to what happened to all the oil.
Only a tiny amount was captured or burned at the surface, and vast quantity — nobody knows exactly how much — was “dispersed” with chemicals injected directly into the stream of oil streaming out of the broken pipes, but a surprisingly large percentage of the oil may have been broken down by microbes. Continue reading
Filed under: BP Gulf oil spill, Environment, Marine biology, ocean conservation, oil drilling | Tagged: Deepwater Horizon, Gulf of Mexico, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oil spill, oil-eating bacteria | Leave a comment »