Posted on February 20, 2015 by Bob Berwyn
In some gas fields, leak rates appear close to official estimates
Researchers try to quantify methane leakage in natural gas fields.
FRISCO — Boulder-based researchers have used thousands of detailed measurements taken during overflights to take a nuanced look at methane leaks from natural gas fields.
The findings show methane leaking at the rate of tens of thousands of pounds per hour in three major natural gas basins that span Texas, Louisiana, Arkansas and Pennsylvania. But the overall leak rate from those basins is only about one percent of gas production there — lower than leak rates measured in other gas fields, and in line with federal estimates. Continue reading
Filed under: climate and weather, energy, Environment, fracking, gas drilling, global warming, oil drilling | Tagged: energy, Environment, fracking, global warming, greenhouse gases, methane, Natural gas, oil and gas | Leave a comment »
Posted on January 25, 2015 by Bob Berwyn
This map shows the geographical distribution of natural gas consumption during the year from September 2012 to August 2013 for the four states included in the study region. The research team used this data, along with air monitoring and analysis, to assess the fraction of delivered natural gas that was emitted to the atmosphere. Image courtesy of Kathryn McKain, Harvard SEAS.
Researchers say energy companies have little incentive to prevent leaks
FRISCO — A team of engineers and scientists say that up to 15 billion cubic feet of natural gas, worth some $90 million, may be escaping from leaky pipes in the Boston area.
The researchers, led by atmospheric scientists at Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Sciences calculated the figure by analyzing a year’s worth of continuous methane measurements, using a high-resolution regional atmospheric transport model to calculate the amount of emissions.
Tackling the problem will require innovative policy because low prices and the way in which natural gas suppliers are regulated mean that gas companies have little economic incentive to make the necessary investments to reduce incidental losses from leakage, according to the Harvard researchers. Continue reading
Filed under: climate and weather, energy, fracking, gas drilling, global warming | Tagged: climate change, global warming, Harvard, methane leaks, Natural gas | Leave a comment »
Posted on October 17, 2014 by Bob Berwyn
Increase in global gas production likely to displace renewable low carbon energy
FRISCO — Increasing production of natural gas won’t save the world from global warming, researchers said this week.
In the long run, a global abundance of inexpensive natural gas is likely to displace not just coal, but also lower-emitting nuclear and renewable energy technologies such as wind and solar. Inexpensive natural gas would also accelerate economic growth and expand overall energy use, the study found.
“The effect is that abundant natural gas alone will do little to slow climate change,” said lead author Haewon McJeon, an economist at the Department of Energy’s Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. “Global deployment of advanced natural gas production technology could double or triple the global natural gas production by 2050, but greenhouse gas emissions will continue to grow in the absence of climate policies that promote lower carbon energy sources.” Continue reading
Filed under: climate and weather, energy, fracking, gas drilling, global warming, oil drilling | Tagged: energy, Environment, global warming, Natural gas, renewable energy | 1 Comment »
Posted on May 17, 2014 by Bob Berwyn
FrackNation … but for how long?
Is natural gas really the lesser of two evils?
FRISCO — As frackers desperately try to pump every last bit of gas from the ground before the global warming clock runs out, scientists warn that methane emissions could push Earth over a climate tipping point in just a few years.
“We have to control methane immediately, and natural gas is the largest methane pollution source in the United States,” said Robert Howarth, greenhouse gas expert and ecology and environmental biology professor at Cornell University. “If we hit a climate-system tipping point because of methane, our carbon dioxide problem is immaterial. We have to get a handle on methane, or increasingly risk global catastrophe.” Continue reading
Filed under: air quality, climate and weather, Environment, global warming | Tagged: fracking, global warming, methane, Natural gas, Radiative forcing | 2 Comments »
Posted on February 16, 2014 by Bob Berwyn
America’s natural gas infrastructure has leakage issues.
Methane emissions from natural gas industry facilities and other sources may be up to 75 percent higher than EPA estimates
By Summit Voice
FRISCO — A comprehensive air quality analysis shows that most estimates of methane emissions from various sources — including the natural gas industry — are much too low, a result that didn’t surprise the scientists who led the study. Total U.S. methane emissions are probably about 25 to 75 percent higher than EPA estimates.
“People who go out and and actually measure methane pretty consistently find more emissions than we expect,” said the lead author of the new analysis, Adam Brandt, an assistant professor of energy resources engineering at Stanford University. “Atmospheric tests covering the entire country indicate emissions around 50 percent more than EPA estimates,” said Brandt. “And that’s a moderate estimate.” Continue reading
Filed under: climate and weather, energy, Environment, gas drilling, global warming | Tagged: air pollution, climate, global warming, methane, Natural gas | Leave a comment »
Posted on January 14, 2014 by Bob Berwyn
Coal losing ground, but is still the biggest source of fuel for generating electricity
By Summit Voice
FRISCO — The gradual shift to natural gas power plants may not be a panacea for reducing concentrations of atmospheric greenhouse gases, but the switch has helped slow the pace emissions.
“Since more and more of our electricity is coming from these cleaner power plants, emissions from the power sector are lower by 20, 30 even 40 percent for some gases since 1997,” said NOAA atmospheric scientists Joost de Gouw. Continue reading
Filed under: air quality, climate and weather, Environment, global warming, greenhouse gases | Tagged: climate, coal, global warming, greenhouse gases, Natural gas | 1 Comment »
Posted on April 8, 2013 by Bob Berwyn
Coal-fired power plants currently produce about 46 percent of the country’s electricity. Photo via Wikipedia and the Creative Commons.
Study compares economic sensitivity of gas and coal-fired power plants
By Summit Voice
SUMMIT COUNTY — Proposed new limits on power plant emissions could spur a big shift away from coal and toward natural gas. The new rules on sulfur dioxide, particulate matter, nitrogen oxide and mercury may make nearly two-thirds of the nation’s coal-fired power plants as expensive to run as plants powered by natural gas, according to a new Duke University study.
“Because of the cost of upgrading plants to meet the EPA‘s pending emissions regulations and its stricter enforcement of current regulations, natural gas plants would become cost-competitive with a majority of coal plants — even if natural gas becomes more than four times as expensive as coal,” said Lincoln F. Pratson, a professor of earth and ocean sciences at Duke’s Nicholas School of the Environment. Continue reading
Filed under: energy, Environment | Tagged: coal, Duke University, energy, Environment, Natural gas, Nicholas School of the Environment | Leave a comment »