Posted on March 7, 2015 by Bob Berwyn
Three-year study to look at transgeneration climate adaptation.
New study to track epigenetic triggers may shed light on adaptation
FRISCO — Numerous recent studies have focused on how warming ocean temperatures caused by global warming negatively affects fish and other marine life.
But some species apparently have the capacity to adapt to higher temperatures quickly, as offspring born to parents that were exposed to higher temperatures are already acclimatised to the warmer conditions. It’s thought that epigenetic changes triggered by the environment are responsible for the fast adaptation, and a new three-year research effort will delve into the details. Continue reading
Filed under: climate and weather, climate change, global warming | Tagged: climate adaptation, climate change, global warming, marine biology | Leave a comment »
Posted on November 17, 2014 by Bob Berwyn
Mutation or environmental changes may have triggered recent epidemic that has wiped out entire populations
This is a SSWD-affected star. The fatal disease leads to behavioral changes, lesions, loss of appendages, and disintegration. Photo credit: Photo, Neil McDaniel.
FRISCO — With 10 million viruses in every drop of seawater, it wasn’t easy to identify the pathogen that’s caused a recent widespread die-off of starfish along North America’s Pacific Coast. Already, entire populations have disappeared in less than two years — 20 different species, from Alaska to Baja, have been affected.
But using museum collections, researchers from Cornell University and the California Science now say they can attribute the mass mortality to a Densovirus that has been present in echinoderms like sea stars and urchins for at least 72 years.
The study suggests the disease may have recently risen to epidemic levels because of sea star overpopulation, environmental changes, or mutation of the virus. The results may help marine biologists as they try to develop conservation strategies, important, because sea stars are voracious predators, with a key role in regulating the ecology of the ocean floor. Continue reading
Filed under: biodiversity, Environment, Marine biology, ocean conservation | Tagged: Environment, marine biology, oceans, sea star die-off, sea star wasting disease | Leave a comment »
Posted on June 7, 2014 by Bob Berwyn
Northern rainbow star afflicted with sea star wasting disease. This species had virtually disappeared from central California kelp forests as of February 2014. Photo: Steve Lonhart / NOAA MBNMS.
Biologists fully expecting local extinctions
FRISCO — As scientists continue to puzzle over the cause of a devastating starfish disease, the outbreak this month spread rapidly north along the coast of Oregon, where ocean experts are now expecting a widespread die-off with some local extinctions of starfish possible.
Sea star wasting syndrome is a traumatic process in which, over the course of a week or less, the sea stars begin to lose legs, disintegrate, ultimately die and rot. They sometimes physically tear their bodies apart. Various epidemics of the syndrome have been observed in the past, but none of this extent or severity, according to information released by Oregon State University. Continue reading
Filed under: biodiversity, Environment, Marine biology, ocean conservation | Tagged: biodiversity, Environment, marine biology, ocean conservation, sea star wasting disease | 1 Comment »
Posted on November 3, 2013 by Bob Berwyn
A female loggerhead sea turtle equipped with two tags heads for the Gulf of Mexico from a beach in Dry Tortugas National Park. Photo courtesy Kristen Hart/USGS.
New study could help scientists come up with better tagging techniques
By Summit Voice
FRISCO — Well-meaning scientists have long been tagging all sorts of critters to try and get a better idea of where they go to feed, breed or just hang out. The data from such studies helps inform conservation planning, but it turns out the tags may have a negative impact on at least some aquatic animals.
In a new study, American and Canadian researchers quantified the energy cost to aquatic animals when they carry satellite tags, video cameras and other research instruments.
Studying fiberglass casts of sea turtles in a wind tunnel, the team found that, while most commercially available tags increased drag by less than five percent for large adult animals in the wild, these same devices increased drag by more than 100 percent on smaller or juvenile animals. Continue reading
Filed under: Environment, Marine biology, ocean conservation | Tagged: aquatic animals. oceans, marine biology, marine science, tagging studies | Leave a comment »
Posted on October 15, 2013 by Bob Berwyn
Citizen scientists can team up with researchers to help track one of the ocean’s most enigmatic animals
Seahorses are difficult to study in the wild because of their small size and ability to blend into their surroundings. Photo: Edwin van der Sande/Guylian Seahorses of the World.
By Summit Voice
FRISCO — Marine biologists may soon have a wealth of new information about enigmatic seahorses, thanks to a new citizen science app launched by the University of British Columbia, the Zoological Society of London and the John G. Shedd Aquarium
With iSeahorse Explore, anyone, anywhere in the world can become a citizen scientist and contribute to marine conservation with a few taps of their phone. The iPhone app is designed for people to quickly log seahorse sightings whenever they encounter an animal in the wild. Continue reading
Filed under: biodiversity, Environment, Marine biology, ocean conservation | Tagged: biodiversity, Citizen science, Environment, marine biology, oceans, seahorses | Leave a comment »
Posted on September 21, 2013 by Bob Berwyn
Sharks, apex predators of many ocean ecosystems, play a key role in maintaining coral reef health. Photo courtesy NOAA.
As apex predators, sharks play an important role in regulating ecosystems, including coral reefs
By Summit Voice
FRISCO — Along with the stresses of global warming and pollution, shark fishing may be another important factor in the decline of coral reefs, according to Canadian and Australian scientists.
“Where shark numbers are reduced due to commercial fishing, there is also a decrease in the herbivorous fishes which play a key role in promoting reef health,” said Jonathan Ruppert, a recent University of Toronto PhD graduate. Ruppert was part of a team engaged in long-term monitoring of reefs off Australia’s northwest coast.
Team leader Mark Meekan, of the Australian Institute of Marine Science, said the study suggests that, where shark numbers are reduced, there is a fundamental change in the structure of food chains on reef. Continue reading
Filed under: biodiversity, coral reefs, Environment, Marine biology, ocean conservation | Tagged: Apex predator, Australian Institute of Marine Science, biodiversity, coral reefs, marine biology, oceans, sharks, University of Toronto | Leave a comment »
Posted on September 18, 2013 by Bob Berwyn
Plankton is a crucial ingredient in the soup of life.
Volunteers needed to help assess distribution of tiny ocean organisms
By Summit Voice
FRISCO — With the world’s plankton facing an uncertain future, researchers want to use citizen scientists to expand their knowledge of the ocean’s tiniest, but vitally important lifeforms.
A new project will enable people to explore the open ocean from the comfort of their own homes, diving dive hundreds of feet, and observing the unperturbed ocean and the myriad animals that inhabit the earth’s last frontier.
Plankton are a key food source at the base of the ocean food chain and play a crucial role in the global carbon cycle. Some recent studies suggest that the warming and increasing acidification of oceans will result in big changes to plankton populations. Continue reading
Filed under: biodiversity, Environment, Marine biology, ocean conservation | Tagged: biodiversity, Citizen science, marine biology, oceans, Plankton | Leave a comment »