Posted on February 17, 2014 by Bob Berwyn
Former Breckenridge resident Andy Cook cleans a yellowfin tuna he caught in the rich fishing waters at the mouth of the Mississippi River near Venice, Louisiana. bberwyn photo.
Exposure to PAHs disrupts basic cellular function of heart muscles
By Summit Voice
FRISCO — When BP’s failed Deepwater Horizon drill rig spewed millions of gallons of oil into the Gulf of Mexico, scientists immediately began documenting impacts to natural resources, finding dead corals on the seafloor, sick dolphins in Barataria Bay and remnant oil in the splash zone along Florida beaches.
Even low levels of oil pollution can damage the developing hearts of fish embryos and larvae, reducing the likelihood that those fish will survive. Scientists have known of this effect for some time, but the underlying mechanism has remained elusive.
But recent research by scientists with NOAA and Stanford University, shows how oil-derived chemicals disrupt the normal functioning of the heart muscle cells of fish. The findings, published in the Feb. 14 issue of Science, describe how toxic oil-based chemicals disrupt cardiac function in young bluefin and yellowfin tuna by blocking ion channels in their heart muscle cells. Continue reading
Filed under: energy, Environment, Marine biology, ocean conservation, oil drilling | Tagged: Deepwater Horizon, Gulf of Mexico, oceans, oil spills, tuna | 1 Comment »
Posted on September 25, 2013 by Bob Berwyn
Study finds extensive loss of biodiversity
One of the impacted corals with attached brittle starfish. Although the orange tips on some branches of the coral is the color of living tissue, it is unlikely that any living tissue remains on this animal. PHOTO COURTESY Lophelia II 2010, NOAA OER and BOEMR.
By Summit Voice
FRISCO — It will probably take decades for the sea-bottom ecosystem to recover from the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill disaster in the Gulf of Mexico, researchers reported this week in the journal PLoS One, after finding that the spill affected sea-bottom biodiversity across 57 square miles around the wellhead, with the most severe impacts in a nine-square mile area.
Previous studies had also shown that the oil spill had damaging effects on deep-sea corals miles from the blown out Macondo Well. The failed well leaked an estimated 160 million gallons of oil into the sea in the spring and summer of 2010. An early survey of nine sites more than 12 miles from the Macondo Well found deep-water coral communities unharmed. But a followup dive by a remotely operated submarine about six miles southwest of the spill discovered numerous coral communities covered in a brown flocculent material and showing signs of tissue damage.
“The tremendous biodiversity of meiofauna in the deep-sea area of the Gulf of Mexico we studied has been reduced dramatically,” said Jeff Baguley, University of Nevada, Reno expert on small invertebrates livING in both marine and fresh water. “Nematode worms have become the dominant species at sites we sampled that were impacted by the oil. So though the overall number of meiofauna may not have changed much, it’s that we’ve lost the incredible biodiversity.” Continue reading
Filed under: biodiversity, BP Gulf oil spill, Environment, gas drilling, oil drilling | Tagged: benthic biodiversity, Environment, Gulf of Mexico, oil spills | Leave a comment »
Posted on July 18, 2013 by Bob Berwyn
A massive slick from the Deepwater Horizon oil spill spreads across the Gulf of Mexico in July 2010. Photo courtesy NASA.
Oil ‘fingerprinting’ technique shows the oil is likely from the wreckage of the sunken drill rig
By Summit Voice
FRISCO — Chemical fingerprints show that oil sheens in the Gulf of Mexico are probably from pockets of oil trapped within the wreckage of the sunken Deepwater Horizon drilling rig. Both the Macondo well and natural oil seeps common to the Gulf of Mexico were confidently ruled out by researchers from Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution and the University of California, Santa Barbara. The study was published online this week in Environmental Science & Technology.
The oil sheens were first reported to the United States Coast Guard by BP in mid-September 2012, raising public concern that the Macondo well, which was capped in July 2010, might be leaking.
“It was important to determine where the oil was coming from because of the environmental and legal concerns around these sheens. First, the public needed to be certain the leak was not coming from the Macondo well, but beyond that we needed to know the source of these sheens and how much oil is supplying them so we could define the magnitude of the problem,” said WHOI chemist Chris Reddy. Continue reading
Filed under: BP Gulf oil spill, Environment, gas drilling, oil drilling | Tagged: Deepwater Horizon disaster, Gulf of Mexico, National Science Foundation, oil spills, University of California Santa Barbara, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution | Leave a comment »
Posted on July 12, 2013 by Bob Berwyn
Wider ecosystem services must be considered in damage assessments
BP oil from the Deepwater Horizon drill rig spreads across the northern Gulf of Mexico.
By Summit Voice
FRISCO — The total impacts of the Deepwater Horizon oil disaster in the Gulf of Mexico can’t be quantified without accounting for how the spill affected ecosystem services provided by the Gulf. That includes trying to quantify the cost of increased storm damage due to wetlands losses, according to a new report from the National Research Council.
But a lack of baseline data about ecological conditions, as well as an incomplete understanding of complex ecosystem interactions make establishing the full scope of damage difficult.
Capturing the entire range of impacts will also require more data on human and economic factors. The report emphasizes that many services may have enormous value despite being difficult to measure, and that such services should be given adequate consideration in evaluating restoration options. Continue reading
Filed under: BP Gulf oil spill, Environment, gas drilling, Marine biology, ocean conservation, oil drilling | Tagged: Deepwater horizon oil spill, ecosystem services, Environment, Gulf of Mexico, offshore oil drilling | Leave a comment »
Posted on June 23, 2013 by Bob Berwyn
Feds, oil companies agree to some limits on seismic airgun testing
Marine mammals like coastal bottlenose dolphins will get some relief from seismic airgun blasting in the Gulf of Mexico. Bob Berwyn photo.
By Summit Voice
FRISCO — Whales, dophins and other marine mammals in the Gulf of Mexico will enjoy a little more peace and quiet under a new agreement that limits seismic airgun testing.
Under the deal, oil companies and the federal government will make some biologically important areas off-limits to testing. The agreement will also expand protection to additional at-risk species, and require the use of listening detection devices to better ensure surveys do not injure endangered sperm whales. Continue reading
Filed under: biodiversity, endangered species, Environment, gas drilling, Marine biology, ocean conservation, oil drilling | Tagged: Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Gulf of Mexico, marine mammals, ocean conservation, oceans, seismic airgun testing | 2 Comments »
Posted on June 14, 2013 by Bob Berwyn
Seashore thrills …
A gentle Gulf of Mexico breaker rolls ashore under a setting sun.
Living in the small side-house to the barn-like fog signal building at Pt. Montara, California gave me a deep appreciation of ocean waves.
FRISCO — In the early 1980s I lived at the Pt. Montara Lighthouse, about 20 miles south of San Francisco. While we renovated the Victorian lighthouse keeper’s quarters, I stayed in the watchroom of the fog signal building, just 10 yards from the edge of a bluff overlooking a rocky headland that juts far into the Pacific. As it turned out, the first winter I lived there was a big El Niño year. Endless storms crashed ashore from November through May, coating my oceanfront window with salt spray and, at times, making the cliffs shake. It’s hard to describe the size and scope of these breakers, but if you’ve seen the movie “Chasing Mavericks,” it’ll give you an idea of the 30- to 40-foot walls of water that were commonplace that year. I already was a big fan of waves before that, but the experience gave me a whole new appreciation for the power of the sea. I don’t have any digital images of that winter, but I probably do have some old slides tucked away in a shoebox. I was tempted to try and find them, but I’ll save that for another time. Continue reading
Filed under: Morning photo, photography | Tagged: Gulf of Mexico, oceans, Pacific Ocean, photography, waves | Leave a comment »
Posted on June 5, 2013 by Bob Berwyn
Tropical Storm Andrea is heading north in the Gulf of Mexico.
Florida, Southeast to feel impacts of first tropical system
By Summit Voice
FRISCO — Just a few days into hurricane season, the first tropical storm of the year has formed in the western Gulf of Mexico and could make landfall in Florida Thursday afternoon or evening, according to the National Hurricane Center.
Tropical Storm Andrea is generating winds up to 40 mph and will deliver 3 to 6 inches of rain across much of the Florida Peninsula, with tropical storm warning already hoisted from Boca Grande north to the Ochlocknee River. A storm surge of 2 to 4 feet is expected from Tampa Bay north to Apalachicola, with a storm surge of 1 to 2 feet expected south of Tampa Bay, according to the first NHC advisory on the system. Continue reading
Filed under: climate and weather, tropical storms and hurricanes | Tagged: 2013 hurricane season, Florida hurricanes, Gulf of Mexico, National Hurricane Center, Tropical cyclone, Tropical Storm Andrea | Leave a comment »
Posted on May 31, 2013 by Bob Berwyn
A Kemp’s ridley sea turtle. Photo courtesy Kim Bassos-Hull, Mote Marine Laboratory.
Federal study may help conservation efforts
By Summit Voice
FRISCO — While Kemp’s ridley sea turtles mostly nest in protected areas, they may still be subject to threats in their key feeding grounds, according to National Park Service and U.S. Geological Survey researchers.
After tracking the turtles for 13 years, biologists found that the favored feeding grounds of the endangered turtles coincide with some Gulf of Mexico waters that are subject to oil spills, extensive commercial fishing and oxygen depletion.
The study is the first to offer details on foraging locations and migration patterns of the Kemp’s ridley sea turtles, considered to be the most endangered hard shell sea turtle in the world. Continue reading
Filed under: biodiversity, endangered species, Environment | Tagged: biodiversity, endangered species, Gulf of Mexico, Kemp's ridley sea turtles | 2 Comments »
Posted on May 5, 2013 by Bob Berwyn
UC Davis scientist Andrew Whitehead collects fish at a field site in May 2010, weeks after the April Deepwater Horizon oil spill. A 2013 study he co-authored shows killifish at oil-impacted sites continue to develop health defects, three years after the spill. Photo courtesy Pat Sullivan.
Fish embryos exposed to oil show developmental abnormalities
By Bob Berwyn
FRISCO —Small fish living in coastal Louisiana waters were sickened by crude oil toxicity for more than a year after the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico, according to researchers from Lousiana, California and South Carolina.
Oil collected from the spill in 2011 continues to show toxic effects in the lab, suggesting there’s a risk of multi-generational exposure, according to Andrew Whitehead, a University of California, Davis, scientist who co-authored the study of killifish, considered an indicator species for coastal ecosystems.
Killifish embryos exposed to sediments from oiled locations in 2010 and 2011 show developmental abnormalities, including heart defects, delayed hatching and reduced hatching success. Continue reading
Filed under: BP Gulf oil spill, Environment | Tagged: Deepwater horizon oil spill, Environment, Gulf of Mexico, killifish, oil pollution | 2 Comments »
Posted on April 9, 2013 by Bob Berwyn
Research suggests role of bacteria has been underestimated
Some of oil from the Deepwater Horizon oil disaster coated and killed deep-sea corals in the Gulf of Mexico, but a large quantity may have been consumed by oil-eating bacteria. Photo courtesy Lophelia II 2010, NOAA OER and BOEMR.
By Summit Voice
FRISCO — Nearly three years after the Deepwater Horizon drill rig exploded and the busted Macondo Well spewed millions of gallons of crude into the Gulf of Mexico, scientists are still trying to figure out to what happened to all the oil.
Only a tiny amount was captured or burned at the surface, and vast quantity — nobody knows exactly how much — was “dispersed” with chemicals injected directly into the stream of oil streaming out of the broken pipes, but a surprisingly large percentage of the oil may have been broken down by microbes. Continue reading
Filed under: BP Gulf oil spill, Environment, Marine biology, ocean conservation, oil drilling | Tagged: Deepwater Horizon, Gulf of Mexico, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oil spill, oil-eating bacteria | Leave a comment »