Posted on May 8, 2015 by Bob Berwyn
A NASA satellite photo shows a slice of Australia’s Great Barrier Reef.
Ancient climate clues warn about impacts of modern human activities
FRISCO — Turbulent seas, loaded with sediment and nutrients at the end of the last ice age likely set back growth of the Great Barrier Reef by centuries, according to scientists who recently took a close look at the reef’s biological history.
The findings are important because those environmental conditions are similar to what the Great Barrier Reef is experiencing today as a result of human activities, including the controversial coal port dredging that’s seen as a huge threat to Australia’s cherished ocean landmark. Continue reading
Filed under: biodiversity, climate and weather, coral reefs, Environment | Tagged: climate change, coral reefs, Environment, Great Barrier Reef, oceans | Leave a comment »
Posted on April 27, 2015 by Bob Berwyn
Australian study shows how recreational and commercial fishing affect reef health
FRISCO —Biologists have long known that removing key predators from the food chain has top-down impacts on ecosystems, and a new study by Australian researchers shows the same holds true for coral reefs. Fishing, they say, is having a big impact on the Great Barrier Reef.
The loss of species like coral trout and snappers has altered the balance and structure of the coral reef ecosystem, raising the number of herbivorous and small prey fish, the scientists concluded after comparing fish abundance in protected parts of the reef with other areas. Continue reading
Filed under: biodiversity, coral reefs, Environment | Tagged: apex predators, ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, coral reefs, Great Barrier Reef, groupers, Parrotfish | Leave a comment »
Posted on April 8, 2015 by Bob Berwyn
A section of the Great Barrier Reef photographed from the International Space Station.
Australian scientists offer common-sense plan to restore coral reef ecosystem
FRISCO — After a 40-year span when the Great Barrier Reef lost half its coral cover, and with global warming looming for the future, Australian scientists say fundamental changes are needed to protect the reef.
Better policies focusing on science, protection and conservation are the key, a team of leading researchers wrote this week in the journal Nature Climate Change, arguing that all the stressors on the Reef need to be reduced for it to recover. Continue reading
Filed under: coral reefs, Environment, global warming, ocean acidification | Tagged: Australia, coral reefs, Environment, global warming, Great Barrier Reef | Leave a comment »
Posted on March 29, 2015 by Bob Berwyn
Study shows rebound of coral trout in no-fishing zones
FRISCO — Long-term monitoring in the Great Barrier Reef ecosystem shows that marine protection pays off in a big way, as scientists said that coral trout biomass has more than doubled since the 1980s in the green zones.
The trout in the protected reserves are bigger and more abundant than those in fished “blue zones” of the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park, and they are also better able to cope with cyclone damage, according to a long-term study published today in Current Biology. Similar approaches may be beneficial for coral reefs around the world, the researcher concluded. Continue reading
Filed under: biodiversity, coral reefs, Environment | Tagged: coral trout, Great Barrier Reef, marine protected areas | Leave a comment »
Posted on March 22, 2015 by Bob Berwyn
‘As a wealthy country, Australia has the capability and responsibility to improve its management of the reef’
FRISCO — Strong local management may be the key to preserving treasured world heritage sites, researchers concluded in a new study after taking a close look at threats facing the Amazon Rainforest, the Great Barrier Reef and Spain’s Doñana wetlands.
The team of scientists, who published their findings in the journal Science, said protecting such areas from the larger dangers of climate change requires addressing local threats, for example overfishing, fertilizer pollution and land clearing — all of which can exacerbate the effects of climatic extremes, such as heat waves and droughts. Continue reading
Filed under: Environment, biodiversity, endangered species, coral reefs | Tagged: Environment, climate change, world heritage sites, Amazon Rainforest, Great Barrier Reef, pollution | Leave a comment »
Posted on January 23, 2015 by Bob Berwyn
New study projects staggering coral losses as oceans warm
A school of surgeonfish cruise coral reefs in the Pacific. Photo courtesy NOAA.
*More Summit Voice reporting on coral reefs
FRISCO —Even under a moderate climate change scenario, with just 1 to 2 degrees Celsius warming, the Great Barrier Reef may be doomed to become just a shadow of itself within a few decades, researcher said this week, warning of the cumulative impacts of warmer water, acidification, pollution and over-fishing.
In the short term, the combined effects of those impacts enable seaweed to over-run corals, in effect suffocating them. In the longer term, interactions among reef organisms would lead to dominance by other groups, including sponges and soft corals known as gorgonians. Continue reading
Filed under: climate and weather, coral reefs, Environment, global warming, ocean acidification | Tagged: climate change, global warming, Great Barrier Reef, ocean acidification | Leave a comment »
Posted on October 27, 2014 by Bob Berwyn
Australian scientists say a government plan for the Great Barrier Reef doesn’t do enough to mitigate threats.
Global warming, coal port dredging seen as key threats
FRISCO — Leading Australian scientists said this week that the government’s business-as-usual plan for the Great Barrier Reef won’t prevent its decline.
While acknowledging a few positive steps in the plan, the Australian Academy of Scientists said the proposal “fails to effectively address any of the key pressures on the reef including climate change, poor water quality, coastal development and fishing.”
And, as is often the case with planning efforts in the U.S., the Australian government’s vision for the reef also doesn’t acknowledge the cumulative impacts that intensify pressure on one of the world’s most diverse marine ecosystems.
Filed under: biodiversity, coral reefs, Environment | Tagged: Australia, Australian Academy of Sciences, climate change, coal port dredging, Environment, Great Barrier Reef | Leave a comment »