Posted on June 9, 2014 by Bob Berwyn
Study finds that online movie viewing is more energy efficient
FRISCO —All those trips to the video store and Red Box, and all the fossil fuel used to manufacture and transport DVDs and CDs added up to more than 4 billion pounds of carbon dioxide emissions that could have been avoided (in 2011) if all media were simply streamed online, scientists concluded after taking a close look at the carbon budget of the entertainment business.
The study, published May 29 in the journal Environmental Research Letters, says more energy efficient electronic devices have tipped the balance toward online consumption of movies and music. A significant proportion of the energy consumption and carbon emissions for streaming comes from the transmission of data, which increases drastically when more complex, high-definition content is streamed. Continue reading
Filed under: climate and weather, extreme weather, global warming | Tagged: carbon dioxide, clmate change, CO2, Environment | Leave a comment »
Posted on March 30, 2014 by Bob Berwyn
Atmospheric CO2 concentrations are spiking higher and earlier each year, according to NOAA.
Up, up and away …
FRISCO — Atmospheric carbon dioxide levels are spiking earlier each year, scientists said last week, announcing that concentrations reached the 400 parts per million “milestone” two months earlier than last year.
CO2 levels peak each year in the spring as the Earth breathes in a great seasonal cycle. This year’s early 400 ppm reading is another clear sign that the heat-trapping gas is building up at an ever-increasing rate, according to data from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s Mauna Loa Observatory in Hawaii.
Filed under: climate and weather, Environment, global warming | Tagged: CO2, global warming, Mauna Loa | Leave a comment »
Posted on November 20, 2013 by Bob Berwyn
Co2 emissions are set to reach a record level this year.
New record level expected in 2013, with U.S. still by far the largest per capita source of greenhouse gases
By Summit Voice
FRISCO — Just in time for the Warsaw climate talks, climate trackers with the Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research at the University of East Anglia said global carbon dioxide emissions are set to soar to a new record high of 36 billion tons in 2013 — 61 percent above the 1990 baseline levels set for the Kyoto Protocol.
“Governments meeting in Warsaw this week need to agree on how to reverse this trend. Emissions must fall substantially and rapidly if we are to limit global climate change to below two degrees. Additional emissions every year cause further warming and climate change,” said the Tyndall Centre’s Professor Corinne Le Quére, who led the global carbon budget report.
“Alongside the latest Carbon Budget is the launch of the Carbon Atlas, a new online platform showing the world’s biggest carbon emitters more clearly than ever before,” Le Quére said, explaining that China’s growing economy is driving the growth in greenhouse gas emissions. Continue reading
Filed under: climate and weather, Environment, global warming | Tagged: climate change, CO2, global warming, greenhouse gases, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Kyoto Protocol, Tyndall Centre, University of East Anglia | Leave a comment »
Posted on October 21, 2013 by Bob Berwyn
Conservation group eyes Clean Water Act as tool in climate fight
By Summit Voice
FRISCO — It’s not clear if anything — besides massive cuts in carbon dioxide emissions — can stop the acidification of oceans, but the Center for Biological Diversity would at least like to see the EPA try to water quality standards as a way to tackle the problem.
The conservation group last week filed a lawsuit against the EPA for failing to address ocean acidification that may already be killing oysters in Oregon and Washington and threatening a wide range of other sea life. The lawsuit challenges the EPA’s decision that seawaters in those two states meet water-quality standards meant to protect marine life despite disturbing increases in acidity. Continue reading
Filed under: climate and weather, Environment, global warming | Tagged: Center for Biological Diversity, Clean Water Act, climate change, CO2, global warming, greenhouse gases, ocean acidification | Leave a comment »
Posted on October 15, 2013 by Bob Berwyn
Scientists say they need more consistent and widespread measurements
Will thawing tundra become a big source of greenhouse gases?
By Summit Voice
FRISCO — Danish researchers with Aarhus University say they’ve come a bit closer to calculating the carbon budget in the Arctic tundra, where vast quantities of heat-trapping greenhouse gases are stored in frozen organic soils.
To try and determine whether the tundra is a source of carbon, or a carbon sink, the research team has been measuring the amount of carbon released in the form of CO2 as living organisms respire, and the amount of carbon being stored in plants in the process of photosynthesis.
Once those two figures have been established, it is possible to calculate the carbon balance, said Aarhus University researcher Magnus Lund. Continue reading
Filed under: Arctic, climate and weather, Environment, global warming, greenhouse gases | Tagged: Arctic global warming impacts, climate change, CO2, global warming, greenhouse gases, tundra | Leave a comment »
Posted on June 13, 2013 by Bob Berwyn
Stimulating phytoplankton could backfire
By Summit Voice
One of the ideas that has surfaced most often is adding certain types of nutrients to the oceans to stimulate algae production in the hopes of reducing CO2. But new research shows that the law of unintended consequences always applies, perhaps even more so when experimenting with climate on a global scale.
The new study on the feeding habits of ocean microbes shows that the idea could backfire by disturbing the natural balance of ocean chemistry. After carefully studying diatoms, one type of plankton, the scientists determined that it is uses more iron that it needs for photosynthesis and storing the extra in its silica skeletons and shells. This reduces the amount of iron left over to support the carbon-eating plankton.
“Just like someone walking through a buffet line who takes the last two pieces of cake, even though they know they’ll only eat one, they’re hogging the food,” said Ellery Ingall, a professor at the Georgia Institute of Technology and co-lead author on this result. “Everyone else in line gets nothing; the person’s decision affects these other people.” Continue reading
Filed under: climate and weather, Environment, global warming | Tagged: climate, CO2, Geoengineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Iron fertilization, National Science Foundation, ocean seeding, oceans, Southern Ocean, University of Georgia, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution | 1 Comment »