Posted on May 6, 2015 by Bob Berwyn
Irrevocable climate change ahead for Planet Earth
FRISCO — For the first time since people started keeping track of such things, the concentration of heat-trapping carbon dioxide in the atmosphere was above 400 parts per million for an entire month.
Climate scientists say the readings from March 2015 are another significant milestone along the path to a dangerously overheated world, as carbon dioxide and other heat-trapping pollution continue drive global warming. Continue reading
Filed under: climate and weather, Environment, global warming | Tagged: carbon dioxide, climate change, CO2, CO2 400 ppm, Environment, global CO2 average, global warming | Leave a comment »
Posted on May 5, 2015 by Bob Berwyn
Fjords like this one in Iceland may play an important role in regulating atmospheric carbon dioxide. @bberwyn photo.
Deep, cold and oxygen-starved, fjords may keep organic carbon from entering the atmosphere for many centuries
FRISCO — The majestic fjords of the far north may have played a key role in buffering the atmosphere against variations in carbon dioxide levels associated with rapid climate change at the beginning and end of past ice ages.
A study by New Zealand scientists estimates that fjords capture and store about 18 million tons of organic carbon each year. That’s equal to about 11 percent of annual marine carbon capture globally, said Dr. Candida Savage of New Zealand’s University of Otago, after publishing her findings in the journal Nature Geoscience. Continue reading
Filed under: climate and weather, climate change, Environment | Tagged: carbon dioxide, carbon sequestration, climate change, fjords, global warming, ocean carbon cycle, organic carbon | Leave a comment »
Posted on April 17, 2015 by Bob Berwyn
Carbon dioxide … and more.
Can the EPA’s clean power plan help tame the global warming dragon?
FRISCO — U.S. greenhouse gas emissions have dropped 9 percent in the last 10 years, the EPA said this week, releasing its 20th annual national greenhouse gas inventory.
The latest tally is current through 2013, which shows a 2 percent increase from the previous year, due to increased energy consumption across all economic sectors and increased use of coal for electricity generation. Continue reading
Filed under: climate and weather, climate change, Environment, global warming | Tagged: carbon dioxide, climate change, EPA, global warming, US greenhouse gas emissions inventory | 1 Comment »
Posted on March 27, 2015 by Bob Berwyn
CU-Boulder scientists study document decline of calcification rates in marine organisms around Antarctica
The Southern Ocean may lose its ability to function as a carbon sink. bberwyn photo.
*More Summit Voice stories on ocean acidification
FRISCO — The steady increase of atmospheric carbon dioxide is already causing large-scale shifts in the ocean carbon cycle, according to University of Colorado, Boulder scientists, who calculated the calcification rate of marine organisms in the Southern Ocean.
According to the scientists there has been a 24 percent decline in the amount of calcium carbonate produced in large areas of the Southern Ocean over the past 17 years. Continue reading
Filed under: climate and weather, Environment, global warming, Marine biology, ocean conservation | Tagged: carbon dioxide, CO2, global warming, greenhouse gases, ocean acidification, phytoplankton, Southern Ocean | Leave a comment »
Posted on November 10, 2014 by Bob Berwyn
A new study projects a big spike in pollen production as atmospheric CO2 concentrations increase.
‘The implications of increasing CO2 for human health are clear’
FRISCO — Those sniffly, sneezy summer days are about to get a lot worse for allergy sufferers. Some types of grass pollen and exposure to allergens could increase by more than 200 percent in the next 100 years, due to predicted rises in carbon dioxide and ozone, according to University of Massachusetts Amherst scientists, who project a significant, worldwide impact on human health.
In their study of Timothy grass, environmental health researchers tried to determinedthe interactive effects of CO2 and ozone at projected higher levels on pollen production and concentrations of a Timothy grass pollen protein that is a major human allergen. The findings are reported in the current issue of PLOS ONE. Continue reading
Filed under: air quality, climate and weather, Environment, global warming | Tagged: allergies, carbon dioxide, climate change, CO2, pollen | 1 Comment »
Posted on October 30, 2014 by Bob Berwyn
‘The natural carbon cycle can change a lot faster than we thought’
How will Earth’s climate respond to the current rise in CO2?
FRISCO — One of the most detailed ice cores samples ever taken from Antarctica shows three sharp spikes of atmospheric carbon dioxide ushering in the end of the ice age about 10,000 years ago.
Based on the findings, the researchers said that the increase in atmospheric CO2 from the peak of the last ice age to complete deglaciation was about 80 parts per million, taking place over 10,000 years, with about half that increase occurring in just a few centuries.
They’re not sure what caused the sudden surges, but suspect it was a combination of factors, including ocean circulation, changing wind patterns, and terrestrial processes. But understanding the mechanisms that caused the changes would help determine what take the Earth in and out of ice age regimes. Continue reading
Filed under: climate and weather, Environment, global warming | Tagged: Antarctica, carbon dioxide, climate change, global warming, greenhouse gases, ice age, Ice core | Leave a comment »
Posted on September 17, 2014 by Bob Berwyn
Coral growth is slowing dramatically along parts of the Great Barrier Reef. Photo courtesy NOAA.
Will the world’s coral reefs simply dissolve as oceans become more acidic?
FRISCO — Scientists monitoring the Great Barrier Reef said they’ve tracked a “perilous” 40 percent slowdown in coral growth rates since the 1970s.
The trend may be linked with increasing ocean acidification, according to the new study led by researchers with the Carnegie Institution for Science.
The researchers compared current measurements of the growth rate of a section of Australia’s Great Barrier Reef with similar measurements taken more than 30 years ago. Continue reading
Filed under: biodiversity, climate and weather, coral reefs, Environment, global warming, ocean acidification | Tagged: carbon dioxide, climate change, CO2, coral reefs, greenhouse gases, ocean acidification | 1 Comment »