Posted on July 18, 2015 by Bob Berwyn
Southern Ocean research shows how plankton emissions brighten clouds
FRISCO — Swarms of tiny plankton may play a bigger role in cloud formation than previously realized, scientists said after studying the Southern Ocean.
The new research shows that plankton produce airborne gases and organic matter to seed cloud droplets, which lead to brighter clouds that reflect more sunlight. Continue reading
Filed under: Antarctica, climate and weather, Environment | Tagged: aerosols, climate change, cloud formation, Plankton, Southern Ocean | 8 Comments »
Posted on February 23, 2015 by Bob Berwyn
Study tracks increased thunderstorm formation over Atlanta
A classic anvil-headed cumulunimbus cloud drops showers just east of the Continental Divide near Grays and Torreys Peak in Colorado.
FRISCO — Along with steadily raising global temperatures in the long-term, human-caused changes in land cover can affect day-to-day weather, including the formation of thunderstorms.
Specifically, urban areas appear to help trigger the formation of thunderstorms, possibly due to an increased concentration of aerosols, according to new research published in the Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society. Continue reading
Filed under: climate and weather | Tagged: aerosols, climate, thunderstorms, urbanization, weather | 1 Comment »
Posted on November 19, 2014 by Bob Berwyn
New research may help explain the overall effect of volcanoes on global climate. Photo courtesy USGS.
New research tracks aerosols from volcanic eruptions
FRISCO — Sunlight-reflecting particles from relatively small volcanic eruptions may add up to have a significant effect on global temperatures, according to a new climate study that tries to quantify the cumulative impact of aerosols from volcanoes.
According to the research, based on a combination of measurements taken on the ground, in the air and from satellites, small volcanic eruptions that occurred between 2000 and 2013 deflected almost double the amount of solar radiation previously estimated.
That’s enough to lower global temperatures by about 0.05 to 0.12 degrees Celsius, the scientists concluded in their study, which appears in Geophysical Research Letters. Continue reading
Filed under: climate and weather, global warming | Tagged: aerosols, climate change, global warming, volcanoes | Leave a comment »
Posted on October 2, 2014 by Bob Berwyn
A classic North American monsoonal flow of moisture, moving clockwise around an area of high pressure.
‘Human activity has played a significant role in altering the seasonal monsoon rainfall on which billions of people depend’
FRISCO — A 10 percent drop in overall monsoon rainfall in the northern hemisphere during past 50 years is outside the range of natural climate variability, Scottish researchers said after a detailed analysis of weather data.
After accounting for all the variables, the scientists said that emissions produced by human activity caused the drop. Tiny air particles from man-made sources — known as anthropogenic aerosols — were the cause. Continue reading
Filed under: climate and weather, extreme weather, global warming | Tagged: aerosols, air pollution, climate change, monsoon | 2 Comments »
Posted on August 18, 2014 by Bob Berwyn
Tiny bioparticles in atmospheric dust play a big role in the formation of raindrops and snowflakes. bberwyn photo.
Researchers starting to take nuanced look at chemical composition of aerosols
FRISCO —Scientists have long known that tiny grains of airborne dust are key players in the formation of rain and snow, driving precipitation patterns across the drought-stricken western U.S. and other areas.
New research suggests that the exact chemical make-up of that dust, including microbes found in it, is the key to how much rain and snow falls from clouds. The information could help better predict rain events, as well as explain how air pollution from a variety of sources influences regional climate in general.
“We’ve learned that not all of the particles in the air at high altitudes have the same influence on clouds. We’re starting to think that these differences contribute to how rain gets distributed,” said Dr. Kim Prather, who presented her findings at the 248th National Meeting & Exposition of the American Chemical Society last week in San Francisco. Continue reading
Filed under: climate and weather, Environment, Snow and weather, Summit County snow and weather | Tagged: aerosols, climate, cloud formation, cowx, Environment, precipitation | Leave a comment »
Posted on March 26, 2014 by Bob Berwyn
Many of J.M. Turner’s famed impressionist sky scenes were painted shortly after the 1815 eruption of the Tambora Volcano in Indonesia.
Study traces pollution levels by analyzing 500 years of art
FRISCO — Looking closely at some of the world’s great paintings from the past 500 years has enabled scientists to track the history of atmospheric pollution, based on the colors the artists used to depict the sky.
For example, when he Tambora volcano in Indonesia erupted in 1815, painters in Europe could see the colors of the sky changing. The volcanic ash and gas spewed into the atmosphere traveled the world and, as these aerosol particles scattered sunlight, they produced bright red and orange sunsets in Europe for up to three years after the eruption.
Filed under: climate and weather, Environment | Tagged: aerosols, air pollution, art, climate, volcanic eruptions | Leave a comment »
Posted on February 28, 2014 by Bob Berwyn
What’s the role of coniferous trees in regulating climate?
Fast growth of particles from pine tree fumes surprises researchers
By Summit Voice
FRISCO — Forests may play a much bigger role in global climate than previously believed. In addition to cycling carbon, it appears that gases wafting from conifers quickly form small particles that can reflect sunlight and promote cloud formation, according to a new study that looked at forest aerosols at the molecular level.
“In many forested regions, you can go and observe particles apparently form from thin air. They’re not emitted from anything, they just appear,” said Joel Thornton, a University of Washington associate professor of atmospheric sciences. Continue reading
Filed under: climate and weather, Environment, forests | Tagged: aerosols, atmospheric science, climate, forests, global warming | 1 Comment »