Posted on March 27, 2015 by Bob Berwyn
CU-Boulder scientists study document decline of calcification rates in marine organisms around Antarctica
The Southern Ocean may lose its ability to function as a carbon sink. bberwyn photo.
*More Summit Voice stories on ocean acidification
FRISCO — The steady increase of atmospheric carbon dioxide is already causing large-scale shifts in the ocean carbon cycle, according to University of Colorado, Boulder scientists, who calculated the calcification rate of marine organisms in the Southern Ocean.
According to the scientists there has been a 24 percent decline in the amount of calcium carbonate produced in large areas of the Southern Ocean over the past 17 years. Continue reading
Filed under: climate and weather, Environment, global warming, Marine biology, ocean conservation | Tagged: carbon dioxide, CO2, global warming, greenhouse gases, ocean acidification, phytoplankton, Southern Ocean | Leave a comment »
Posted on March 22, 2015 by Bob Berwyn
Federal biologists proposal to revamp endangered species listing recognizes conservation progress and allows for more site-specific management
A green sea turtle swims near the seafloor of the Pacific. Photo courtesy Andy Bruckner/NOAA.
* More Summit Voice stories about sea turtles
FRISCO — Conservation and recovery efforts under the Endangered Species Act have helped green sea turtles around Florida and Mexico’s Pacific Coast recover to the point that federal biologists have proposed downlisting the species from endangered to threatened. Continue reading
Filed under: biodiversity, endangered species, Environment, Marine biology, ocean conservation | Tagged: biodiversity, endangered species, Environment, green sea turtles | Leave a comment »
Posted on March 21, 2015 by Bob Berwyn
New data will help shape conservation efforts in the waters around Antarctica
Australian and New Zealand researchers have tracked blue whales across thousands of miles in the Southern Ocean to help inform conservation efforts. Photo courtesy NOAA.
FRISCO — As a keystone species in marine ecosystems, blue whales have a significant impact in the ocean around Antarctica, but the population dynamics of the species in the region are still a mystery as the marine mammals recover from the decimation of the whaling era.
That may change following the recent six-week Australia-New Zealand Antarctic Ecosystem Voyage voyage, as researchers tracked the world’s largest creatures across thousands of miles of ocean, detecting their songs from as far as 750 kilometers away. Continue reading
Filed under: Antarctica, biodiversity, Environment, Marine biology, ocean conservation | Tagged: Antarctica, biodiversity, blue whales, marine mammals, Ross Sea, Southern Ocean | Leave a comment »
Posted on March 17, 2015 by Bob Berwyn
Many sea lion pups in California’s Channel Islands are underweight and are washing up on beaches starving are dead. Biologists suspect unusually warm ocean conditions are reducing marine productivity, causing female sea lions to struggle to find sufficient food to nurse the pups. Photo courtesy NOAA.
‘We are seeing unprecedented changes in the environment …’
FRISCO — California’s extended drought is at least partially driven by unusually warm ocean temperatures in the eastern Pacific, and that warming is also have a huge impact on the ocean itself.
“We’re seeing some major environmental shifts taking place that could affect the ecosystem for years to come,” said John Stein, director of NOAA’s Northwest Fisheries Science Center. “We need to understand and consider their implications across the ecosystem, which includes communities and people.”
The shift in large-scale climate patterns is pushing the waters off the West Coast toward warmer and less productive conditions that may affect marine species from seabirds to salmon, according to the 2015 State of the California Current Report delivered to the Pacific Fishery Management Council. Continue reading
Filed under: climate and weather, Environment, global warming, Marine biology, ocean conservation | Tagged: California Current, climate change, Pacific Ocean warming, West Coast | 1 Comment »
Posted on March 14, 2015 by Bob Berwyn
‘We know too much about the world now to keep managing the ocean in the same old way’
FRISCO — Dynamic, adaptive management is needed to manage ocean resources, including protected species and commercial fisheries, according to San Diego State University researchers, who say such a shift could benefit both commercial fishing fleets and conservation-focused stakeholders.
The need for a new paradigm is illustrated by the growing threats to ocean ecosystems, including overfishing, ever-busier shipping routes, energy exploration, pollution and other consequences of ocean-based industry, according to SDSU biologist Rebecca Lewison.
There’s plenty of data available to help managers make real-time decisions, but they often can’t react quickly enough to new information, Lewison said, after outlining a framework for “dynamic ocean management” in a paper published today in the journal BioScience. Continue reading
Filed under: biodiversity, Environment, Marine biology, ocean conservation | Tagged: adaptive management, biodiversity, endangered species, Fisheries Management, oceans | Leave a comment »
Posted on March 13, 2015 by Bob Berwyn
Just 50 miles northwest of San Francisco, Cordell Bank teems with life above and below the surface. This thriving ‘underwater island’ is the centerpiece of Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuary, which NOAA has now expanded to protect additional areas like Bodega Canyon along the continental shelf. Photo courtesy NOAA.
Cordell Bank, Gulf of the Farallones home to 25 threatened and endangered species
FRISCO — A pair of marine sanctuaries off the coast of northern California are doubling in size, offering more protection for globally significant and productive marine ecosystems. The sanctuaries encompass estuarine wetlands, rocky intertidal habitat, open ocean, and shallow marine banks.
Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuary, located 42 miles north of San Francisco, will expand from 529 square miles to 1,286 square miles. Gulf of the Farallones National Marine Sanctuary will expand from 1,282 square miles to 3,295 square miles of ocean and coastal waters. Continue reading
Filed under: biodiversity, Environment, Marine biology, national parks, ocean conservation | Tagged: California, Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuary, Environment, Gulf of the Farallones National Marine Sanctuary, marine protected areas, ocean biodiversity, oceans | Leave a comment »