Posted on October 21, 2014 by Bob Berwyn
A new study finds that human disturbance drives forest changes in eastern U.S. bberwyn photo
Fire suppression, land-clearing outweigh climate factors, study says
FRISCO — Climate change may only be a secondary factor in the changing composition of Eastern forests. Changes in disturbance regimes have had a much bigger impact in the past century or so, according to Marc Abrams, a researcher in Penn State’s College of Agricultural Sciences.
Abrams says eastern forests are still in a state of disequilibrium resulting from massive clear-cutting and burning during the late 1800s and early 1900s, and aggressive forest fire suppression has also had a far greater influence on shifts in dominant tree species than minor differences in temperature. Continue reading
Filed under: climate and weather, Environment, Forest health, forests, global warming | Tagged: climate change, Forest health, forests, global warming | 1 Comment »
Posted on September 30, 2014 by Bob Berwyn
Dead and dying lodgepole pines in Frisco, Colorado.
Study shows no clear link between beetle-kill and ecological severity of western wildfires
FRISCO — For all their frenzied tree-killing during the past 10 years, mountain pine beetles haven’t been a big factor in the ecological severity of wildfires in the West, a team of university scientists said this week.
Weather and topography are the main factors in determining how much damage a wildfire does to forest ecosystems, according to the researchers with the University of Wisconsin-Madison and the Washington State Department of Natural Resources.
The new study, published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, provides some of the first rigorous field data to test whether fires that burn in areas impacted by mountain pine beetles are more ecologically severe than in those not attacked by the native bug. The study didn’t look at fire behavior, including how fast they spread or how dangerous they are to fight. Continue reading
Filed under: Environment, forest fires, Forest health, forests, pine beetles and wildfires | Tagged: fire intensity, forest fires, pine beetles, Wildfires | 2 Comments »
Posted on September 25, 2014 by Bob Berwyn
A new study examines the history of wildfires along the Colorado Front Range.
Historic wildfires in the pre-suppression era burned just as intensely, scientists say
FRISCO — New research challenges the conventional wisdom that wildfires along the Colorado Front Range have become more severe.
A detailed assessment of fire history across more 1 million acres of forest suggests that only 16 percent of the area showed a shift from historically low-severity fires to severe, potential crown fires that can jump from treetop to treetop.
Even in the days before fire suppression, fires along the Front Range were often destructive, killing many mature trees in the burn areas, the study concluded. Continue reading
Filed under: Environment, forest fires, Forest health, forests | Tagged: Colorado, fire suppression, forest fires, Front Range, Wildfires | Leave a comment »
Posted on September 21, 2014 by Bob Berwyn
Some species growing up 70 percent faster than 50 years ago
FRISCO — Some trees are growing up to 70 percent faster than just a half century ago, as global warming supercharges their metabolism, German researchers report in a new study published in Nature Communications.
Three decades ago, forest dieback was a hot topic, with the very survival of large forest ecosystems seemingly in doubt. But instead of a collapse, the latest studies indicate that forests have actually been growing at a faster rate. The new data from the Technische Universität München comes from forest plots that have been closely monitored since 1870. The forested areas are also representative of the typical climate and environmental conditions found in Central Europe. Continue reading
Filed under: climate and weather, Environment, Forest health, forests, global warming | Tagged: beech trees, climate change, global warming, Technische Universität München, tree growth | 5 Comments »
Posted on September 5, 2014 by Bob Berwyn
Spruce beetle populations are surging in the southern Rocky Mountains.
Conservation advocates say more protection needed to protect critical ecosystem services
FRISCO — Forest degradation continues unchecked in many parts of the world and especially in the northern hemisphere boreal forest belt in Canada, Russia and Alaska, conservation advocates said this week, unveiling new maps showing forest impacts across more than 100 million hectares — an are three times the size of Germany.
Just since 2000, about 8 percent of the world’s remaining intact forest landscapes have been subject to some type of degradation from human activities, including logging and energy development.
The Greenpeace GIS Laboratory, the University of Maryland and Transparent World, in collaboration with the World Resources Institute and WWF-Russia, used satellite technology to determine the location and extent of the world’s last remaining large undisturbed forests, important harbors for biodiversity that are still unaffected by logging and infrastructure such as roads, mining and oil or gas development. Continue reading
Filed under: biodiversity, Environment, Forest health, forests | Tagged: Environment, forest fragmentation, Forest health, forests, global carbon cycle | Leave a comment »
Posted on September 2, 2014 by Bob Berwyn
New inventory assesses state’s woodland resources
FRISCO — Mortality is increasing and growth is slowing down in New Mexico’s forest lands, according to a new forest inventory released in late August. The only species showing overall growth are ponderosa and piñon pines, as well as junipers, as insects, wildfires drought and disease take an increasing toll on the state’s woodlands.
Forests grow on about 25 million acres in New Mexico, with 44 percent on private lands and 31 percent on national forest lands. About 40 percent (10.8 million acres) of the forests are piñon-juniper woodlands, by far the state’s most extensive forest type. Gambel oak is the most abundant tree species by number of trees, and ponderosa pine is the most abundant by volume or biomass. Overall, researchers estimate there are more than 6 billion live trees growing in the state.
The inventory documented the drought-induced piñon pine die-off in the early 2000s, estimating that about 8 percent the species died, but noted that the mortality rate has tapered off.New Mexico’s aspen forests, covering about 380,000 acres, held steady in the past decade. Continue reading
Filed under: climate and weather, Drought, Environment, forest fires, Forest health, forests, pine beetles and wildfires | Tagged: climate, drought, Environment, Forest health, Forest Service, forests, New Mexico, piñon-juniper forests | Leave a comment »
Posted on August 11, 2014 by Bob Berwyn
Careful measurements show how roads and other disturbances affect moisture and the ability of fungi and bacteria to break down dead wood
Forest fragmentation has a big impact on the carbon cycle. bberwyn photo.
By Summit Voice
FRISCO —Logging roads, clearcuts and other disturbances that fragment forests can slow the decay of dead wood and significantly alter the cycling of carbon and nutrients in woodland ecosystems, according to a new study.
Scientists with Earthwatch and the University of Exeter (UK) took a hard look at global forest fragmentation, starting the well-known fact that the edge effect influences temperature, moisture and other elements of forest microclimates. But the effect on the carbon cycle is less understood, so the researchers used on-the-ground experiments combined with modeling to try and fill the gaps. Continue reading
Filed under: Colorado, Environment, Forest health, forests | Tagged: carbon cycle, edge effect, Environment, Forest health, forests | Leave a comment »