Posted on December 18, 2014 by Bob Berwyn
Forest Service scientists study aftermath of Rim Fire to assess effectiveness of forest health treatments
A NASA Earth Observatory image shows smoke plumes from the Rim Fire in August, 2013. NASA image by Jeff Schmaltz, LANCE/EOSDIS Rapid Response.
FRISCO — A detailed new study of fire behavior of the 2013 Rim Fire in Yosemite provides a nuanced view of the effectiveness of forest health treatments.
The Rim Fire was the largest recorded fire in the Sierra Nevada region, and U.S. Forest Service researchers said in their study that the fire burned with moderate to high intensity on days the Rim Fire was dominated by a large pyro-convective plume, a powerful column of smoke, gases, ash, and other debris — regardless of the number of prior fires, topography, or forest conditions. Continue reading
Filed under: climate and weather, Environment, forest fires, Forest health, forests, US Forest Service | Tagged: extreme weather, Forest health, Rim Fire, U.S. Forest Service, Wildfires | Leave a comment »
Posted on November 6, 2014 by Bob Berwyn
‘Solely relying on public forest management to prevent homes burning by wildfire is simply barking up the wrong tree’
A wildfire burns through a western conifer forest. Photo courtesy U.S. Forest Service.
FRISCO — Aggressive firefighting and preventive forest treatments are not making people less vulnerable to wildfire impacts. Instead, government authorized and funded firefighting and land management policies may actually encourage development on inherently hazardous landscapes, leading to an amplification of human losses to wildfire, according to researchers with the University of California, Berkeley and the University of Colorado.
Their recent study in Nature says an adaptive approach, including changes in land-use policies, are the key to reducing wildfire risks, according to researchers with the University of California, Berkeley and the University of Colorado.
Filed under: Environment, forest fires, forests | Tagged: climate change, Colorado, public lands, wildfire policies, wildfire risks, Wildfires, wildland-urban interface | 1 Comment »
Posted on November 4, 2014 by Bob Berwyn
Spruce beetle populations are surging in the southern Rocky Mountains. bberwyn photo.
Study calls out inaccurate media reports about links between bugs and wildfires
By Bob Berwyn
FRISCO — Dire warnings about how beetle outbreaks make forests more prone to fires are ringing increasingly hollow, as more and more forest research shows that other factors — especially weather — are more important drivers. In some cases, defoliation by bugs may actually lessen the the threat of disastrous crown fires.
In one of the latest studies, researchers with the University of Oregon and the U.S. Forest Service took a close look at the relationship between fires and spruce budworm infestations in the Pacific Northwest. They found that defoliation reduces both torching and crowning potential. Continue reading
Filed under: Colorado, Environment, forest fires, Forest health, forests | Tagged: crown fires, Forest health, forests, western spruce budworm, Wildfires | Leave a comment »
Posted on September 30, 2014 by Bob Berwyn
Dead and dying lodgepole pines in Frisco, Colorado.
Study shows no clear link between beetle-kill and ecological severity of western wildfires
FRISCO — For all their frenzied tree-killing during the past 10 years, mountain pine beetles haven’t been a big factor in the ecological severity of wildfires in the West, a team of university scientists said this week.
Weather and topography are the main factors in determining how much damage a wildfire does to forest ecosystems, according to the researchers with the University of Wisconsin-Madison and the Washington State Department of Natural Resources.
The new study, published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, provides some of the first rigorous field data to test whether fires that burn in areas impacted by mountain pine beetles are more ecologically severe than in those not attacked by the native bug. The study didn’t look at fire behavior, including how fast they spread or how dangerous they are to fight. Continue reading
Filed under: Environment, forest fires, Forest health, forests, pine beetles and wildfires | Tagged: fire intensity, forest fires, pine beetles, Wildfires | 2 Comments »
Posted on September 25, 2014 by Bob Berwyn
A new study examines the history of wildfires along the Colorado Front Range.
Historic wildfires in the pre-suppression era burned just as intensely, scientists say
FRISCO — New research challenges the conventional wisdom that wildfires along the Colorado Front Range have become more severe.
A detailed assessment of fire history across more 1 million acres of forest suggests that only 16 percent of the area showed a shift from historically low-severity fires to severe, potential crown fires that can jump from treetop to treetop.
Even in the days before fire suppression, fires along the Front Range were often destructive, killing many mature trees in the burn areas, the study concluded. Continue reading
Filed under: Environment, forest fires, Forest health, forests | Tagged: Colorado, fire suppression, forest fires, Front Range, Wildfires | Leave a comment »
Posted on September 10, 2014 by Bob Berwyn
Smoke from forest fires in Greece streams out across the Mediterranean Sea. GIF composite image via NASA and Wikipedia.
Study projects 200 percent increase in burned areas by 2090 without mitigation and adaptation
FRISCO —The American West isn’t alone in facing an increased wildfire threat. Global warming is expected to result in a sharp increase in European forest fires during the coming decades. By 2090, areas burned by fires could increase by as much as 200 percent, according to a new study published in the journal Regional Environmental Change.
Warmer temperatures and longer droughts will combine to fuel forest fire conditions in areas that are already susceptible, particularly the Mediterranean region, the researchers said, suggesting that better forest management, including preventive fires, could keep the increase to less than 50 percent. Continue reading
Filed under: climate and weather, Environment, forest fires, forests, global warming | Tagged: climate change, Europe, Forest health, forests, global warming, IIASA, Wildfires | Leave a comment »
Posted on September 2, 2014 by Bob Berwyn
New inventory assesses state’s woodland resources
FRISCO — Mortality is increasing and growth is slowing down in New Mexico’s forest lands, according to a new forest inventory released in late August. The only species showing overall growth are ponderosa and piñon pines, as well as junipers, as insects, wildfires drought and disease take an increasing toll on the state’s woodlands.
Forests grow on about 25 million acres in New Mexico, with 44 percent on private lands and 31 percent on national forest lands. About 40 percent (10.8 million acres) of the forests are piñon-juniper woodlands, by far the state’s most extensive forest type. Gambel oak is the most abundant tree species by number of trees, and ponderosa pine is the most abundant by volume or biomass. Overall, researchers estimate there are more than 6 billion live trees growing in the state.
The inventory documented the drought-induced piñon pine die-off in the early 2000s, estimating that about 8 percent the species died, but noted that the mortality rate has tapered off.New Mexico’s aspen forests, covering about 380,000 acres, held steady in the past decade. Continue reading
Filed under: climate and weather, Drought, Environment, forest fires, Forest health, forests, pine beetles and wildfires | Tagged: climate, drought, Environment, Forest health, Forest Service, forests, New Mexico, piñon-juniper forests | Leave a comment »