Posted on December 17, 2014 by Bob Berwyn
Love oysters? Then you should be worried about global warming and ocean acidification. bberwyn photo.
Natural buffering can’t keep up with increasing ocean acidification
FRISCO — Oysters at their earliest stages of development are already feeling the impacts of ocean acidification, scientists said this week, explaining that oyster larvae are sensitive to saturation state, rather than carbon dioxide or pH per se.
The saturation state is a measure of how corrosive seawater is to the calcium carbonate shells made by bivalve larvae, and how easy it is for larvae to produce their shells. A lower saturation rate is associated with more corrosive seawater. Continue reading
Filed under: Environment, global warming, climate and weather, ocean acidification | Tagged: global warming, ocean acidification, oceans, Shellfish, climate adaptation, oyster hatcheries | Leave a comment »
Posted on December 12, 2014 by Bob Berwyn
Some corals are less sensitive to ocean acidification than others, according to a new study. Photo via NOAA.
Study say soft Gorgonian coral species can still calcify under elevated CO2 levels
FRISCO — Not all corals are equal when it comes to withstanding the ravages of global warming.
Some Caribbean soft corals, known as gorgonians, may be able to calcify and grow under elevated carbon dioxide concentrations. Those corals may be more resilient to the ocean acidification levels projected by the end of the 21st century than previously thought, according to a new study published in the journal Coral Reef. Continue reading
Filed under: biodiversity, climate and weather, coral reefs, Environment, global warming, ocean acidification | Tagged: climate change, coral reefs, global warming, ocean acidification, oceans | Leave a comment »
Posted on October 16, 2014 by Bob Berwyn
Ocean acidification is an existential threat to many marine species and ecosystems.
Federal government has failed to implement several key steps required by 2009 law
By Summit Voice
FRISCO — Federal agencies well recognize the environmental threats of increasing ocean acidification, but so far, the response has been lackluster at best, according to the Government Accountability Office.
In a report issued this week, the GAO said federal agencies have been slow in implementing several requirements of the 2009 Federal Ocean Acidification Research and Monitoring Act, including outlining the budget requirements for implementing the research and monitoring plan. Continue reading
Filed under: climate and weather, global warming, ocean acidification | Tagged: Environment, global warming, greenhouse gases, ocean acidification, oceans | Leave a comment »
Posted on October 11, 2014 by Bob Berwyn
Study documents ‘climate refuge’ in Virgin Islands
Boulder brain corals were found in abundance under the mangroves and were healthy, while many of those in unshaded areas a short distance away were bleaching.
Photo Credit: Caroline Rogers, USGS.
FRISCO — Some coral species are finding a refuge of sorts from global warming by finding new habitat in the shade of red mangrove trees.
Scientists with the U.S. Geological Survey and Eckerd College documented discovery of the refuge in the U.S. Virgin Islands, where more than 30 species of reef corals were found growing in Hurricane Hole, a mangrove habitat within the Virgin Islands Coral Reef National Monument in St. John. Continue reading
Filed under: biodiversity, climate and weather, coral reefs, Environment, global warming, ocean acidification | Tagged: climate change, coral reefs, global warming, mangroves, U.S. Virgin Islands, Virgin Islands Coral Reef National Monument | Leave a comment »
Posted on September 17, 2014 by Bob Berwyn
Coral growth is slowing dramatically along parts of the Great Barrier Reef. Photo courtesy NOAA.
Will the world’s coral reefs simply dissolve as oceans become more acidic?
FRISCO — Scientists monitoring the Great Barrier Reef said they’ve tracked a “perilous” 40 percent slowdown in coral growth rates since the 1970s.
The trend may be linked with increasing ocean acidification, according to the new study led by researchers with the Carnegie Institution for Science.
The researchers compared current measurements of the growth rate of a section of Australia’s Great Barrier Reef with similar measurements taken more than 30 years ago. Continue reading
Filed under: biodiversity, climate and weather, coral reefs, Environment, global warming, ocean acidification | Tagged: carbon dioxide, climate change, CO2, coral reefs, greenhouse gases, ocean acidification | 1 Comment »
Posted on September 13, 2014 by Bob Berwyn
Major research project to examine carbon cycling, circulation dynamics
A new research project will help explain how the Southern Ocean helps regulate the global climate. bberwyn photo.
FRISCO — Even though it’s eparated from the rest of the world’s oceans by a strong circulation of currents and a distinct temperature gradient, the Southern Ocean is known to be a key driver of global climate and carbon cycles.
Climate researchers and oceanographers may soon know a lot more about the enigmatic ocean as they deploy hundreds of robotic floats deployed around Antarctica in a six-year, $21 million research project aimed at understanding ocean dynamics, chemistry and carbon cycling. The new instruments will increase the flow of Southern Ocean data 30-fold. Continue reading
Filed under: Antarctica, climate and weather, Environment, global warming, ocean acidification | Tagged: carbon cycle, climate, global warming, Southern Ocean | Leave a comment »
Posted on August 1, 2014 by Bob Berwyn
Important crab fisheries to suffer as oceans turn warm and acidiic
Crabs are among the many commercially important species that will struggle as oceans grow warmer and more acidic. bberwyn photo.
FRISCO —Alaska’s economically important crab fishery and other coastal and ocean resources face significant global warming threats, according to a new study led by scientists with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. The research findings, to be published online in the journal Progress in Oceanography, show that many of Alaska’s nutritionally and economically valuable marine fisheries are located in waters that are already experiencing ocean acidification.
Communities in southeast and southwest Alaska face the highest risk from ocean acidification because they rely heavily on fisheries that are expected to be most affected by ocean acidification. Some of those Native American communities are also more vulnerable to economic risks because of lower average incomes and fewer employment opportunities, NOAA said in a press release. Continue reading
Filed under: climate and weather, global warming, ocean acidification | Tagged: Alaska, crab fishing, Environment, global warming, ocean acidification | 1 Comment »