Record warmth in Norway and the UK
By Summit Voice
SUMMIT COUNTY —November 2011 will go down in the books at the 12th-warmest on record for planet Earth, continuing a string of months with above average temperatures that goes all the way back t0 1985.
The combined global land and ocean average surface temperature for November 0.81 degrees above the 2oth century average. The global land temperature was 1.10 degrees above average, the 16-warmest on record, while the ocean surface temperature for the month was 0.70 above the historic average, the 12th-warmest on record.
For the year-to-date, the combined global land and ocean average surface temperature was 0.94 degrees warmer than average, which is the 11th-warmest on record. For land surface temperatures separately, the year-to-date is the seventh warmest on record.
La Niña helped produce cooler — although still above-average — temperatures on a global scale compared with previous months, with east-central Pacific Ocean surface waters nearly 1°C below average for that region. Sea surface temperatures were also below average in the southern Atlantic Ocean and other parts of the mid-latitude southern oceans. It was notably warmer-than-average across the north central and north west Pacific Ocean, the Labrador Sea, and the southern Indian Ocean.
The average temperature over land was the coolest monthly average temperature anomaly over land since February 2011 and the coolest November land temperature since 2000. However, it was the 16th-warmest November since records began in 1880.
Warmer-than-average conditions were recorded across central and eastern North America, Northern and Western Europe, northern Russia, most of China and the Middle East, southeastern Australia, and southern South America.
In particular, parts of northern Europe experienced much above average temperatures, with the warmest November on record in Norway, where temps for the month were 8.3 degrees above average. The United Kingdom reported its second-warmest November on record, behind 1994.
In general, land temperatures were well above normal across most of the Northern Hemisphere higher latitudes, including most of Canada, Northern Europe, and most of Russia.
Cooler-than-average regions around the globe included Alaska, western Canada, much of Eastern Europe, Kazakhstan, and southwestern Russia. Alaska reported its sixth coolest November on record.
NOAA National Climatic Data Center, State of the Climate: Global Analysis for November 2011, published online December 2011, retrieved on December 16, 2011 from http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/global/2011/11.